Home » About Us » Forest Area
PUA Forest Area
PUA has a forested area of 39.23 lakh hectares which is about 19.30% of the total area of the region. This is quite important since the State has only 13.8% of its area under forest coverage. It is principally a tropical dry, deciduous type of forest dominated by Sal, though Palash is also see to be dominant in parts of the region. Other important species are Mahua, Piya Sal, Kendu, Arjun, Bahera, Siris, Jungle Jalebi etc. A large part of the forest territory and other non-forest areas are covered by exotic plants like Eucalyptus, Akashmoni etc.
The forest of PUA is rich with various NTFPs constituted of varieties of flora and fauna that help supplementing livelihood to thousands of people living in the forest fringe villages. Though the Dept. of Forest, Govt. of West Bengal is the custodian of the forests, the protection and to some extent management of the forest are conducted by the Forest protection Committees which are the organizations of the forest fringe villagers constituted statutorily.
Since dependency on forest for livelihood of the poor in PUA area is much higher than other regions, forest development and management of forests as a resource demand prime attention for increased supply of fuel, fodder, food fibre etc. Hence forest planning in PUA has significance in respect of the following issues:
- Need for the improvement of forest health and promotion of NTFP resources through floor management has to be given prime importance.
- Emphasis should be given on social forestry development with more productive species, particularly in the Blocks where forest coverage is low.
- Extension of social forestry however, will depend on the prevailing non-forest and non-agricultural areas in the Block.